Informacije

Thomas Freeman


Rođen: Northfleet (oko 1869)

Potpisano: 1895

Pozicija: Centriraj naprijed

Nastupi: Nepoznato

Ciljevi: Nepoznato

Lijevo: c.1897

Međunarodne granice:

Umro:

Thomas Freeman radio je za željeznicu Thames kao vatrogasac brodova. Godine 1895. Arnold Hills, vlasnik željezničke kuće Thames, odlučio je osnovati vlastiti fudbalski tim. Freeman se pridružio klubu, ali je rijetko igrao u prvom timu. Međutim, igrao je u odlučujućoj utakmici West Ham Charity Cupa 1896. godine i prvoj utakmici kluba F.A. Cupa protiv Chathama.


Suckley 's history

Dobar uvod u istoriju Suckley -a može se pronaći u istoriji okruga Victoria.

Kraljevsko vlastelinstvo Suckley u Worcestershireu, koje je napisala Phyllis Williams 1979. godine, pruža opsežan vodič o normanskom i srednjovjekovnom Suckleyju.

U novije vrijeme, Marnie Caine je radila na Suckleyjevoj istoriji. Ovdje možete pročitati o nekim njenim istraživanjima karte poveznice iz 1840. godine. Suckleyjeva lokalna povijesna grupa sada je aktivna u prikupljanju dodatnih informacija - pogledajte detalje događaja.

Podaci o istoriji Bijele kuće u Suckleyju pojavljuju se u nedavnoj knjizi Julije Ionides Thomas Farnolls Pritchard iz Shrewsburyja - Arhitekta i 'Pronalazač mostova od lijevanog željeza':

'Bijela kuća u Suckleyju, blizu Gainesa, 1742. godine došla je u posjed Thomasa Freemana i njegova porodica je tu živjela još šest generacija. Kada je 1764. godine umro Freemanov otac, počeo je trošiti novac na zgradu. Thomasova starija sestra, Betty, bila je udana za Bartholomewa Barnabyja iz Brockhamptona, pa bi Pritchard, koji je radio i u Gainesu i u Brockhamptonu, bio očigledan izbor kao arhitekta za rad.

'Bijela kuća je visoka, trokatnica koja datira iz vremena kraljice Ane. Prvo što upada u oči je posebno fina kapuljača nad ulaznim vratima s gipsanim rokoko kartušama i prskanjem drugog cvijeća, manje ukrašenog, nad ulazom u vrt u stražnjem dijelu kuće.

„Kuća sadrži nekoliko stilskih naznaka o Pritchardovom učešću: gips na kaminu u blagovaonici toliko je sličan gipsu u Gainesu da se čini da je to bio Joseph Bromfield. Prilično plitki lukovi pored stubišta odjekuju u kući Broad Gate House, Ludlow. Tamo je izgledalo da je modernizacija prestala i da su mnoge zanimljive karakteristike iz ranije ere na sreću ostale dozvoljene. '

Gore navedeno je izvod iz knjige 'Thomas Farnolls Pritchard iz Shrewsburyja - arhitekta i' izumitelj mostova od lijevanog željeza 'Julije Ionides, 1999., Dog Rose Press, Ludlow, Engleska, reproduciran ovdje uz dopuštenje autora i izdavača. Za dodatne informacije o ovoj knjizi kontaktirajte The Dog Rose Press

SUCKLEY sa ALFRICK -om i LULSLEY -om

Suchelei, Suchelie (xi cent.) Sugeleg, Succhelega, Succhel, Suckeleia, Sukkel (xii cent.) Sockleye, Sucley (xiv cent.) Sykeley (xv cent).

Suckley, sa svojim bivšim kapelicama Lulsley i Alfrick, opsežna je poljoprivredna župa sa stanicom * na ogranku Bromyard Velike zapadne željeznice. Leži na sjevernom kraju Malvern Hillsa, ovdje poznatog kao Suckley Hills, 500 stopa iznad datuma ubijanja. Južno od brda Old Storridge, kod Becka, doseže se visina od 600 stopa. Na sjeveru zemljište pada u dolinu Teme, koja čini sjevernu granicu. Župu također zalijeva Leigh Brook i njene pritoke. Njegova ukupna površina iznosi 5.183 jutara, od čega je 1.648 u Alfricku, a 843 u Lulsleyju.

Tlo je uglavnom ilovača i glina, podzemlje u Lulsleyju i Alfricku je Keuper Marl, a na zapadu Suckley Old Red Sandstone na brdima Suckley i Storridge nalaze se izdanci kreveta Ludlow, Wenlock i Llandovery. Glavni usevi su pšenica, pasulj, grašak i voće, a na plantaži hmelja ima oko 250 hektara.

Nijedan glavni put ne prolazi kroz Suckley, glavni putevi su oni od Knightsford Bridgea do Cradleyja, koji siječe župu od sjevera prema jugu, a drugi od Bromyard do Leigh. Selo Suckley leži na nekadašnjoj cesti. Sadrži crkvu sv. Ivana Krstitelja, župni dvor i školu i Donji sud, sada seosku kuću, ali ranije vlastelinstvo koje pripada porodici Coke.

Gore navedeno je izvod iz historije okruga Victoria, Worcestershire, tom 4, str. 354, reprodukovano uz dozvolu glavnog urednika. Članak sadrži mnogo o prošlosti Suckleyja, kao io sadašnjosti njegovog početka 20. stoljeća.

Napomena *: Stanica Suckley bila je u župi Knightwick. Od tada se grana Bromyard zatvorila.

Napomena #: Parohija se sada zove Stara parohija jer Suckley sada dijeli rektora sa susjednim selima Alfrick, Lulsley, Leigh i Bransford. Pet sela čine beneficije sa župnim dvorištem u Leighu.


Legendarni trener debate dr Thomas F. Freeman, koji je predavao MLK, umire u 100

Trener debate na Univerzitetu Texas Southern imao je 70-godišnju karijeru.

Citira slavni Martin Luther King Jr.

Legendarni trener debate sa južnog univerziteta Teksasa, dr Thomas F. Freeman preminuo je u 100. godini, objavilo je univerzitet.

Odaju se počasti poznatom govorniku i učitelju koji je preminuo u subotu. Freemanova djeca potvrdila su da je umro prirodnom smrću, samo nekoliko sedmica prije svog 101. rođendana kasnije ovog mjeseca, prema The Houston Chronicle.

Obučavao je hiljade studenata tokom svoje sedmogodišnje karijere, uključujući Martina Luthera Kinga Jr., dok je King bio student na fakultetu Morehouse u Atlanti.

Freeman je također podučavao predstavnike, Barbaru Jordan i Mickeyja Lelanda, kao i pjevačicu Yolandu Adams, dobitnicu Grammyja.

Dobitnik Oscara Denzel Washington pozvao ga je da radi s mladim glumcima za film "The Great Debaters" iz 2007. godine, koji priča stvarnu priču o crnom debatnom timu iz 1930-ih koji pobjeđuje bijeli tim.

Članovi trenutnog debatnog tima Univerziteta Texas Southern University podijelili su neka svoja iskustva sa Freemanom nedavno sa voditeljem ABC News Davidom Muirom u Houstonu.

"Počeo sam u Texas Southern -u sa Docom (Freeman)", rekao je predsjednik debatnog tima Prince Ibe za Muir. "To je samo pozitivno, lijepo iskustvo koje nikada neću zaboraviti."

Dominque Montgomery, član debatnog tima, rekao je da Freeman nikada nije propustio radni dan i da je još uvijek oblikovao umove čak i kad se bližio 101. rođendan.

"Govorili ste o čovjeku koji je svaki dan dolazio na posao, čak i sa 100 godina", rekao je Montgomery. "Čak i da nismo bili tamo, on je još uvijek na poslu."

Angelica Olunkwa rekla je da je Freeman na svako putovanje išao s timom, vozio se autobusima ili letio u inozemstvo na međunarodna takmičenja.

Debatni tim rekao je da ih je Freeman naučio ne samo o debati, već i o tome kako se nositi i kako biti saslušan. Alexandria Barnaba, član debatnog tima, rekla je da je uvijek tjerao svoje učenike da daju sve od sebe.

"To je naš moto", rekao je Barnaba Muiru. "Svi znamo šta radimo."

"Dobro nam ide", zajednički je rekao debatni tim. "Ono što ne radimo dobro, ne radimo uopšte."

"Ljepota samog doktora Freemana je u tome što je njegovo naslijeđe usađeno svima koji komuniciraju s njim", rekao je Montgomery za Muir.

Tokom prošlogodišnjeg intervjua za ABC News, Freeman se osvrnuo na svoje naslijeđe u sjedištu debatnog tima Teksaškog južnog univerziteta, gdje je još predavao sa 100 godina nakon što je tamo započeo svoju karijeru 1949. godine.

Freeman, čiji su timovi osvojili desetine debitantskih prvenstava, rekao je da je ključ velikog debata "imati predanost istini. [I] činjenicama".

Na pitanje o rasizmu u Americi, Freeman je rekao da ćemo "ako se ne učini nešto da se zaustavi plima, patiti još dugo".

Među onima koji odaju počast Freemanu na društvenim mrežama su zastupnik Teksasa Al Green, gradonačelnik Houstona Sylvester Turner i zastupnica Sheila Jackson Lee.

"Danas smo izgubili legendu", napisao je Green na Twitteru. "Uistinu slobodan čovjek, koji je uložio sve napore da oslobodi i oblikuje umove generacija vođa iza sebe. Dr. Thomas F. Freeman nije bio samo veliki debater nego i veliki muž i otac, veliki ministar, veliki čovjek i veliki prijatelj. "

Samo nekoliko dana prije njegove smrti, Freeman i njegova supruga, Clarice, podijelili su s Houston ABC podružnicom KTRK tajnu održavanja svog 67-godišnjeg braka, rekavši stanici da jedan od ključeva "iskreno poštuju jedni druge".

"Mislim da su svi rođeni s planom", rekla je Clarice. "Taj plan za mene je bio da se zaljubim u Thomasa Freemana. A ostalo je istorija - 67 godina istorije."


Thomas Freeman (1784)

•    Dok smo pregledavali informacije za Thomasa Freemana, bili smo impresionirani prvim značajnim Amerikancima povezanim s njim poput Georgea Washingtona i Thomasa Jeffersona. Reference na njega mogu se pronaći u hiljadama knjiga i članaka, ali nikada nismo našli biografiju. Ako naši čitatelji znaju za jednu, bit će nam drago čuti. - Napomena urednika

•     "Nakon velikog pritiska savezne vlade, Chickasaws su 1805. odustali od potraživanja na području današnjeg okruga Madison, a Cherokees su ustupili svoja zemljišta 1806. Ove dvije transakcije zemljišta iznosile su 345.600 hektara. indijski ugovori, povjerenici američke vlade i predstavnici iz naroda Chickasaw i Cherokee morali su prisustvovati vođenju graničnih linija kako bi se spriječili kasniji nesporazumi. Thomas Freeman, glavni geodet, njegova posada i potrebni svjedoci okupili su se na otoku Chickasaw (Ostrvo Hobbs) u septembru 1807., a linije su izmjerene i označene plamenovima na drveću. Ovo područje, u obliku pomalo poput trokuta, omeđeno je s juga rijekom Tennessee, sa zapada novostvorenom linijom Chickasaw, na sjeveru uz državnu granicu Tennesseeja, a na istoku uz novu indijsku granicu Cherokee. (Indijanci su ostali suvereni unutar svojih sada mnogo manjih nacija, pa je bio potreban pasoš ed da uđu na njihovu teritoriju.) " - HMCHS

•     "Thomas Freeman nastavio je ispitivati ​​javna zemljišta koja će biti ponuđena na prodaju u novom okrugu. Kako bi prodaja zemljišta bila što pravednija na ovom ogromnom području, korišten je mrežni uzorak. istok-zapad) uspostavljen je na državnoj liniji Tennessee, a Huntsvilleov meridijan (sjever-jug) postao je uzdužna linija s koje je trebalo izmjeriti sva zemljišta u sjevernoj Alabami. Ovaj koncept omogućio je podjelu od 36 dijelova od jedne milje kvadratne ( 36 kvadratnih milja) od 640 hektara svaki sa koordinatama gradskog raspona. Cijelo zemljište je zatim izmjereno u odnosu na taj osnovni meridijan. Kao rezultat toga, okrug Madison ima dva raspona zapadno od meridijana i dva puna raspona istočno od linije, plus dijelove trećina. Većina doseljenika mogla je priuštiti najčešću podjelu, Vi dio ili 160 jutara. "

         Radom iz svog baznog kampa na rijeci Flint, Freeman je ponudio dodatne informacije koje bi potencijalni doseljenik i kupac možda trebao ponuditi za zemljište u budućim rasprodajama - detaljne napomene na terenu koje su uključivale rijeke, potoke, izvorišta, očišćena zemljišta, vrste tla, šumovita područja. Freemana su pozvali da požuri. Čuvari su bili zabrinuti i nestrpljivi.
         Surveyor Freeman, hodajući svojim lancima, naišao je na većinu ovih ljudi. U svom službenom izvještaju opisao ih je, stižući svakodnevno, nisu bili poput drugih uljeza u javno zemljište. "Što se tiče uljeza na javnim površinama, ima ih u izobilju. Po pravdi ovim ljudima moram primijetiti da su oni tihi, mirni, izuzetno marljivi i potpuno osjetljivi na svoju situaciju." Nastavio je s primjerima njihove marljivosti. "Svaka koliba ima svoje polje kukuruza. Uzgajaju se i male komadiće pamuka, duhana i pšenice, od kojih se svi bujno uzgajaju. Do zime sljedeće godine bit će podignuto sedam malih mlinova za mljevenje kukuruza, neki su već gotovi i zapravo rade. A destilerija je također u pripremi i bit će u funkciji za nekoliko dana. Freeman je dodao da su se ovi doseljenici radovali ostanku i sudjelovanju kao punopravni građani Sjedinjenih Država sa svime što je to uključivalo. " - HMCHS

•     "Velika migracija trebala je postati legalna u okrugu Madison. Sada je područje Velike zavoje bilo dostupno za zakonitu kupovinu i namirenje. Kako bi se olakšala prodaja, Freeman je dobio upute da djeluje kao registar za primanje zahtjeva od skvotera i daju im dopuštenje da ostanu "zakupci po volji" na ovim zemljištima sve dok ne budu mogli licitirati na javnoj prodaji. Ova prodaja je bila u Nashvilleu 5. aprila 1809. godine, a na aukciji je kupljeno 23.960 jutara, od kojih je većina prodana na kredit da bi se platila u roku od pet godina. Četrdeset posto prvobitnih doseljenika kupilo je njihovu zemlju. Nije iznenađujuće što je najveći kupac bio čovjek koji je tako dobro poznavao zemlju - Thomas Freeman - koji je osigurao 8.480 jutara zemlje. " - HMCHS

•     "Thomas Freeman, Irac, koji je pomogao u postavljanju okruga Columbia, završio je cjelokupnu anketu koristeći pravokutni sistem odsjeka, općine i područja. On je služio pod generalom Georgeom Washingtonom, a imenovao ga je savezna vlada je izmjerila osnovnu mrežu zemljišta. Vlada mu je takođe dala instrukcije da djeluje kao zemljišni knjižar, uzimajući zahtjeve od skvotera prije licitacije za zemljište kako bi mogli ostati kao 'zakupci po volji' do službenog zemljišta aukcija bi mogla početi u Nashvilleu.
          Proces prodaje saveznog zemljišta bio je složen. Freeman je prvi put ugovorio sa doseljenicima koji su već bili na zemljištu kao 'zakupci po volji'. Zahtjev je uzet i dozvola je odobrena za 282 farme. Plaćajući pristojbu od devet šilinga, mogli su ostati na odabranom mjestu i ubrati svoje usjeve sve dok se zemljište ne proda na aukciji. Nosiocu ovog dokumenta na aukciji nije data nikakva prednost. To se koristilo za smirivanje doseljenika, koji bi bili prisiljeni preseliti se ako ne bi uspjeli na aukciji. Savezna vlada tada je održala prodaju zemljišta u Nashvilleu, počevši od augusta 1809. Freeman se bojao da će se skvoteri i špekulanti udružiti kako bi spriječili konkurenciju i održali niske cijene. Prelazak u Nashville je bio da se to spriječi. Aktivno nadmetanje kojem su se nadali savezni zvaničnici bilo je rijetko. Odbor Predstavničkog doma za javna zemljišta jednom je primijetio: 'Nekoliko muškaraca je spremno izazvati ozlojeđenost svojih susjeda licitiranjem za njihovu imovinu, na javnom mjestu, čak i kad su drugi susjedi povjerioci i kada je javnost u pitanju, jedva da će to biti muškarac bio dovoljno izdržljiv da to učini. ' Novac je bio potreban za prvu uplatu i mora se pronaći za sljedeće četiri godišnje uplate, što je izuzetno težak zahtjev za čučave. Freeman je procijenio da 'ne više od jedne petine, možda i jedne desetine, doseljenika na zemljištu vjerovatno može kupiti "zemlju koju su zauzeli. 14 Zemlja se prodavala po 2,00 USD po jutru, osim ako je više od jedne osobe pokazalo interes". - HMCHS

•     "Thomas Freeman imao je nacionalnu reputaciju preciznosti i pouzdanosti. Irski imigrant koji je došao u kolonije 1774. godine, ranije je radio za vladu, a privukao je pažnju glavnog geodeta Georgea Washingtona i Ministar finansija Alexander Hamilton. Kao rezultat toga, Freeman je imao značajnu ulogu u postavljanju Distrikta Columbia. Freeman je angažovan 1808. godine kao glavni geodet na teritoriji Mississippija.
         Dok je pregledavao gradove i oblasti, Freeman bi uzeo u obzir odabrane nekretnine za koje nije bilo podnosioca zahtjeva - što mu je bilo lako odrediti, jer ne samo da je imao posao provođenja popisa stanovništva 1809. godine prodavao je i ugovore o zakupu po volji. To je njemu i samo njemu dalo potpune informacije o tome gdje se stanovništvo nalazi i poželjnoj zemlji. Dok je prisustvovao prodaji, da je ponuđena nekretnina za koju nije bilo ponuđača, čini se da bi Freeman kupio zemljište. Zatim je uplatio neophodnu minimalnu uplatu, a nešto kasnije je pronašao kupca i na njega prenio vlasništvo i obavezu. Moglo bi se pretpostaviti da je Surveyor Freeman trebao imati lični profit. Čini se da to nije bio problem za vladu, jer je nastavio funkcionirati dugi niz godina na nekoliko lokacija. Kada je Alabama postala država 1819. godine, naslijedio ga je glavni geodet, general John Coffee. Coffee, koji je ranije postavio grad Huntsville, funkcionirao je u njegovom imenovanju na isti način. Ovo je bila nova zemlja i ti su ljudi usvajali pravila dok su se kretali, a možda se takvo smatralo dijelom normalne odgovornosti i naknade geodeta.
         Thomas Freeman odigrao je veliku ulogu u naseljavanju Alabame i Mississippija. Osnovao je Huntsvilleov meridijan kojim se mjerilo i prodalo sve zemljište u sjevernoj Alabami. Ovo je bila glavna linija sjever-jug koja je uspostavila, zajedno s prethodno određenom granicom istok-zapad Tennessee, dodjelu cjelokupne imovine. Meridijan Huntsville prolazi kroz groblje Maple Hill u Huntsvilleu, gdje je Thomas Freeman pokopan 8. novembra 1821. Njegov grob ostao je neoznačen 170 godina do 1999. godine, kada je Društvo profesionalnih zemljomjerara doline Tennessee podiglo spomenik u njegovu čast. Jedan pisac je primijetio: „Danas je Freeman visoko cijenjen zbog svoje tačnosti na terenu.“ “ - HMCHS

•     "Thomas Freeman, koji je kupio 8500 jutara zemlje. Ovaj čovjek nije bio poljoprivrednik, niti je to namjeravao postati! Bio je vodeći primjer špekulanata koji su zgrabili gotovo polovicu ponuđene zemlje." - HMCHS

•    Text on Historical Marker koji se nalazi na Hwy 231/431 južno od linije Tennessee: "1809. godine major Thomas Freeman, zamjenik geodeta SAD -a, postavio je oznaku ovdje na državnoj liniji i počeo mjeriti južno prema sredini Ova linija, poznata kao Huntsvilleov meridijan, referenca je za sve preglede imovine u Sjevernoj Alabami. Početna tačka, sada na sredini autoputa, poništena je 1977. od strane Društva profesionalnih zemljomjera iz Alabame. " - Huntsvilleov indeks historijskih markera

•     "13. decembra 1808. okrug Madison je proglašen guvernerom teritorija Mississippija Robertom Williamsom. On je takođe naložio Thomasu Freemanu da izvrši popis, završen u januaru 1809. godine, na kojem su prikazane 353 glave porodica, sa 1.150 slobodni bijeli mužjaci, 723 bijele ženke, ukupno 2223 bijelca. Bilo je 332 roba. Isti taj Thomas Freeman ranije je bio imenovan geodetom za teritorij Mississippi i 1807. godine uspostavio liniju Meridian koja prolazi kroz okrug Madison na 86 stepeni, 34 minute i 18 sekundi. " - Snimite

•    Tomas Freeman imenovan je za "Mirovnog sudiju 19. decembra 1808." - Snimite

•     "Gallatin, 15. novembra 1808., napisao je Williamsu da je predsjednik Jefferson zaključio da je krajnje vrijeme da guverner počne imenovati državne službenike za okrug, koji još nije organiziran. 11. prosinca 1808., Williams, pismom, zamolio državnog sekretara za suca s izvornom nadležnošću u okrugu Madison i naveo da će 'poslati iz grada Washingtona, Mississippija aktivnog, inteligentnog oficira kao šerifa, koji će djelovati u dogovoru s majorom Thomasom Freemanom utvrditi imenovanja. '
         Godina 1808. bila je iste godine kada se savezna vlada pripremila za prodaju zemljišta na tom području. Freeman je dobio savezno imenovanje da djeluje kao registar, a u februaru 1808, Freeman je obradio 280 zahtjeva za zemljište. On je preporučio da se prodaja zemljišta vrši u Nashvilleu, a ne u Huntsvilleu, a prve prodaje zemljišta tada su održane u Nashvilleu, počevši od kolovoza 1809. William Dickson bio je prvi registar Zemaljskog ureda, a John Brahan prvi primatelj javnih podataka Novac.
         Do kolovoza 1809., Freeman je, pišući iz svog geodetskog kampa na rijeci Flint, obavijestio Gallatin da u granicama onoga što će postati okrug Madison postoje tri mlina za mljevenje kukuruza od okruga Jefferson, Tennessee, 120 milja daleko.
         I pioniri koji su bili pioniri, nisu ni namjeravali proći bez svojih "duhova". Freeman je 25. avgusta 1808. rekao da će destilerija biti u pogonu za nekoliko dana. " - Zapisnik

•     "Thomas Freeman, teritorijalni mjernik, vjerojatno je bio spreman čupati kosu nakon što je završio ispitivanje cijele okruga Madison u svibnju 1809. Pronašao je nekoliko stotina porodica koje ilegalno žive na zemlji Chickasaw. Imao je prethodno je napisao državnom sekretaru 4. marta 1809. da mu kaže da je otkrio da će Chickasaws prodati svu svoju zemlju istočno od rijeke Elk i sjeverno od linije Tennessee ako predsjednik preseli sve bijele doseljenike sa zemlje zapadno od Elk River. Freeman je sugerirao da će to područje 'napraviti dobro oblikovanu okrugu Madison.'
         U lipnju 1809. Freeman je izvijestio da je nekoliko stotina doseljenika bilo prisiljeno preseliti se sa svojih imanja u okrug Madison nakon malo uvrtanja ruke. U pismu sekretara blagajnika predsjedniku naznačeno je da je Freeman zaista obavio posao.
          Vojnici su korišteni za uklanjanje 93 porodice iz zemlje Chickasaw koja se graniči s okrugom Madison, kako je kasnije objavilo pismo R. J. Meigsa v.d. Problemi su i dalje postojali, jer je u pismu od 29. oktobra 1809. sekretara trezora predsjedniku navedeno da je podnosilac zahtjeva za Yazoo po imenu Michael Harrison obećao preseljenje. Međutim, Harrison je to kasnije demantovao i kasnije je postavio oglase upozoravajući bilo koga na kupovinu zemljišta za koje je tražio. Međutim, u pismu od 4. maja 1810. vojnog sekretara generalu Wadeu Hamptonu navodi se da će doseljenike ukloniti do proljeća.
         S obzirom na razvoj zemlje, evidencija je pokazala da su neki od prvih kupaca bili LeRoy Pope, William P. Anderson i James Jackson. Ovaj trio je 25. avgusta 1809. godine kupio četvrtinu koja sadrži Veliko proljeće za 23,50 dolara po jutru ili 3 763,29 dolara. Ista današnja površina, u centru Huntsvillea, koštala bi se u milionima. George Smith bio bi prvi koji je kupio zemljište na području New Market, dok je Levi Hinds bio prvi u oblasti Huntsville, a Charles Cabaniss u području Hazel Green.
          Ironično, manje od 15 posto prvobitnih doseljenika kupilo je zemlju. Skoro 24.000 jutara, međutim, prodano je do oktobra 1809. po akumuliranoj cijeni od 67.520 dolara. " - Rekord

•     "Vraćajući se na prodaju zemljišta iz 1809. godine, valja napomenuti da se Thomas Freeman, geodet, pokazao kao špekulant, kao i geodet. Bio je najveći kupac, nabavio je 22 odjeljka. LeRoy Pope, Thomas Bibb i John Brahan potrčali su u zauzimanju zemlje. Pharoah Roach, koji je za Freeman pregledao Range 2 East, nije ih stekao. " - Snimite

•    U. S. Surveyor Surveyor Opće zemlje Tennessee, 1817. - Zapisnik

•    Na zapadnoj strani autoputa 231/431 južno od linije Alabama/Tennessee nalazi se historijski biljeg. Marker glasi: "1809. godine major Thomas Freeman, zamjenik geodeta SAD -a, postavio je oznaku ovdje na državnoj liniji i počeo mjeriti južno prema sredini države. Linija, poznata kao Huntsvilleov meridijan, je referenca za sve istraživanja nekretnina u Sjevernoj Alabami. Početna tačka, sada na sredini autoputa, poništena je 1977. od strane Društva profesionalnih zemljomjera u Alabami. (Marker je podiglo Historijsko udruženje Alabama 1977.) " - Luttrell

•     Poznato je da je Thomas Freeman kupio zemljište u okrugu Madison i konzultirao se s drugim potencijalnim kupcima, dajući im važne informacije o karakteristikama različitih nekretnina. Nismo sigurni kako protumačiti podatke koji se nalaze u tim evidencijama, ali u prodaji zemljišta 17. septembra 1814. godine, pet različitih ljudi je bilo navedeno kao "Ustupitelj Thomasa Freemana" u kupovini zemljišta. I još četiri nekretnine imaju iste oznake kasnije. - Barefield

•     "13. prosinca 1808. okrugom Madison nastala je proglašenjem guvernera teritorija Mississippija. Neki izvještaji kažu da je guverner naložio Thomasu Freemanu da izvrši popis u novom okrugu. Drugi izvještaji govore Predsjednik SAD -a pozvao je na popis. U svakom slučaju, popis je završen u januaru 1809. godine i još uvijek se bilježi. " - Rankin

•     "Thomas Freeman je također bio geometar teritorije, i on je postavio Huntsvilleov meridijan na 86 stepeni, 34 minute i 18 sekundi za otpuštanje zemljišta u sjevernom dijelu države Alabama Ova linija meridijana je osnova Huntsvilleove Meridijanske ulice. " - Rankin

•     "Thomas Freeman, geodet, otkrio je 1809. godine nekoliko stotina porodica koje žive na indijskom teritoriju zapadno od okruga. On je pomogao pri uređenju novog indijskog prestanka za zemlje istočno od rijeke Elk u zamjenu za uklanjanje bijelog doseljenici zapadno od te rijeke. Ovo zemljište je zauzvrat vlada stavila na prodaju u februaru 1818. " - Rankin

•     "Prva kupovina zemljišta za Thomasa Freemana u Barefieldovoj knjizi odnosi se na Odjeljak 8, Mjesto 1, Raspon 2E 14. augusta 1809. Cowartova knjiga sažima Freemanove kupovine iz 1809. godine uključujući 35 dijelova zemlje 1809. godine. bio je znatno više od bilo koga drugog, ali je razumljivo, jer je Thomas Freeman bio državni nadzornik koji je pregledao cijelu županiju (osim malog dijela u rasponu 2E koji je ispitao Pharoah Roach). G. Freeman započeo je svoje mjerenje 1807., dvije godine prije nego što je zemljište ponuđeno na prodaju, pa je imao dovoljno vremena da odabere parcele s najvećim izborom i djeluje kao agent za druge. " - Rankin

•     "Zapažen u Alabami zbog mapiranja dijela granice između Alabame i Tennesseeja, 1811. godine imenovan je mjeriteljem javnih zemljišta Sjedinjenih Država južno od Tennesseeja, na čijem je položaju bio do svoje smrti u Huntsvilleu . " - Oznake

•    Držao je naslov "Major" - Nilsson

•    Freeman bi mogao biti najpoznatiji po ekspediciji na Red River 1806. - Wikipedia

•     "Freeman je sahranjen na porodičnoj parceli svog dobrog prijatelja, šerifa Stephena Neala. Njegov grob nije bio obilježen 178 godina, ironično u blizini meridijana Huntsville na groblju Maple Hill." - Siva

Povezane veze:
•    Barefield - Zapisnici zemaljskog ureda Old Huntsville & Vojni nalozi 1810-1854, sastavila Marilyn Davis Barefield, 1985., stranice 96, 140, 144, 145.
•    Baudendistel - Članak pod naslovom "Laying Out Alabama" autora Bob Baudendistel na (POB) web mjestu Point u Beninningu.
•    Faircloth - Geodetska mera u Alabami, J. M. Faircloth (U pamfletu je prikazana metoda koju je koristio Freeman).
•    Finda A Grave - Stranica kreirana od strane Graveaddiction
•    Flickr: Freeman - Fotografija King Kong 911 osobe koja prikazuje Thomasa Freemana na šetnji grobljem Maple Hill
•    Flickr: Meridijanski marker - Fotografija anketnog markera za Sjevernu Alabamu
•    Gray - Članak pod naslovom "Fare Thee Well - From Papers of John Williams Walker, edited by Jacuqelyn Procter Grey." Povijesni pregled Huntsville, svezak 30, #1, jesen-zima 2004-2005, Povijesno društvo okruga Huntsville-Madison, stranica 72.
•    HMCHS-Povijest ranog naseljavanja: okrug Madison prije državnosti, 1808.-1819., Objavilo Istorijsko društvo okruga Huntsville-Madison, 2008., stranice 3, 5, 6, 44, 45, 47, 57, 66, 67, 90, 116, 120, 126, 132, 135.
•    Huntsville Indeks historijskih markera
•     Imigracijski brod - Fotografija iz "Irish Genealogy Toolkit"
•    Luttrell - Povijesni markeri okruga Madison, Alabama, autor Frank Alex Luttrell, III, urednik, 2001, stranica 117.
•    Marks - Tko je bio tko u Alabami, Henry S. Marks, 1972, stranica 69.
•    Miles - Članak pod naslovom "Povlačenje crte" Suzannah Smith Miles u wnc: Mountain Living u zapadnoj Sjevernoj Karolini (web stranica)
•    Nilsson - Zašto se tako zove ?, autor Dex Nilsson, 2005, stranica 62.
•     Tačka početka - Karta ranog istraživanja
•    Rankin - Naslijeđe okruga Madison, Alabama, od strane Odbora za knjige o naslijeđu okruga Madison, John P. Rankin, predsjedavajući, stranice v, 2, 49.
•    Record - Ostvarenje sna: Priča o okrugu Madison i slučajno o Alabami i Sjedinjenim Državama, Tom I, James Record, 1970, stranice 31, 32, 33, 34, 35. 36. 342 .
•    Walker - Fotografija Norm Walker sa šetnje grobljem Maple Hill, 8. maja 2005.
•    Wikipedia - Ekspedicija na Red River


Porodica Freeman

Plantaža iz 17. stoljeća poznata kao Martin's Brandon nalazi se na južnoj obali rijeke James, dvanaest milja uzvodno od Jamestowna. Danas je poznata kao plantaža Brandon i još uvijek radi. John Martin je započeo plantažu prije 1619. godine i uvezao svoje zakupce. Sedamdeset i tri stanara Martinovog Brandona ubijena su tokom masakra 1622. godine i Martin je odustao od svog naselja. 40 Kada su 21. maja 1627. Bridges Freeman i James Sleight zatražili od općeg suda dozvolu za odlazak iz Martin's Brandona, plantaža je propadala četiri godine. James Sleight pojavio se na popisu preživjelih kolonije Virdžinije 1625. godine. U to vrijeme je dobilo 42 godine. 41

Znamo da su Thomas i Frances Freeman krstili sina po imenu John 1624. godine. John Freeman, kraljevski penzioner, 1664. godine dao je 40 godina, što se lijepo uklapa u župne podatke. Kraljevska penzija je morala biti dodijeljena za vjernu službu Stuart monarhiji od strane Johna Freemana, možda zato što je bio ranjen tokom engleskog građanskog rata. 55 U svakom slučaju, dobro se oženio. Alice, kći Sir Johna Keelinga, vrhovnog suca Engleske 1665. godine, bila je upravo ona vrsta supružnika koja bi pomogla Freemanu da se uzdigne u društvo.
Naši engleski rođaci su potomci Williama Freemana i njegove supruge, i Johna Freemana i njegove supruge, Alice Keeling, kćeri Sir Johna Keelinga, vrhovnog sudije Engleske.

Dana 25. novembra 1693., John Clifford iz New Poquosina smislio je ostatak "mojim zetovima Johnu Freemanu i Henryju Freemanu i mojoj kćeri Anna Freeman" i ličnu imovinu, uključujući i njegovu rapiju, "podjednako podijeliti između moje žene i njeno troje djece gore spomenute" . " 85 Nažalost, g. Clifford u oporuci nije naveo ime svoje žene. Pod pretpostavkom da je njegov testament ispravno prepisan u knjigu oporuka i znajući upotrebu iz 17. stoljeća, supruga Johna Clifforda je ranije bila udana za Freemana i u prvom braku je imala dva sina i kćer. "Zet" u 17. stoljeću obično se koristio za opisivanje posinka. Znamo da je Henry Freeman, jr. umro je prije 24. aprila 1676., preživjela je udovica, ali ne znaju da li je imao preživjelu djecu. Henrya Freemana, starijeg, koji je umro 1679./80., Preživjeli su udovica i jedna kćerka. Robert Freeman iz okruga York, koji je umro između 23. aprila 1698. i 24. januara 1698./99., Imao je jednu kćer, ali nije preživio supružnik. 86 The best inference from the data is that John and Henry Freeman were the children of Henry Freeman, Jr. and Martha, his wife, who remarried after Henry's death in 1676. The Register of Charles City Parish, York County, Virginia was published in 1932 by the Virginia State Library. The Register shows that Henry Freeman, Jr. and Martha had the following children baptized: (1) John 5 July 1671 (2) Henry, 20 November 1675 and (3) Anna, 30 April 1676. 87

Garland Hopkins asserts that James Freeman, who died 23 January 1687/88 in New Kent County, Virginia, was the father of John Freeman, Sr. of Surry County, Virginia, our common known ancestor. 90 However, no documentary proof of this relationship has been found. In fact, there is nothing to document that James Freeman had any children whatsoever.

3. Edward Freeman [11553] (ca. 1777 - unk). m. Martha Cabaness. 112
4. Arthur Freeman [11554] (ca. 1780 - unk)
5. John Freeman [11555] (ca. 1782 - unk)
6. Hezekiah Freeman [11556] (ca. 1784 - unk)
7. Hartswell Freeman [11557] (ca. 1786 - unk)
8. Frances Freemen [11558] (ca. 1788 - unk) m. Benjamin Rudder. 113
9. Lucy Freeman [11559] (ca. 1790 - unk) m. Abraham Atkins. 114
10. Rebecca Freeman [115510] (ca. 1792 - unk)
11. Patsy Freeman [115511] (ca. 1794 - unk)
12. Sally Freeman [115512] (ca. 1796 - unk)m. Spencer Arnold. 115


Former Rice religion professor, legendary TSU debate coach Thomas Freeman dies at 100

Thomas Freeman, the legendary Texas Southern University debate coach who was the first African American professor to teach in the School of Humanities at Rice, has died at the age of 100.

Thomas Freeman posed with the faculty of Rice University’s Department of Religious Studies in a photograph from the 1987 Campanile. L to R: Sylvia Louie, Niels Nielsen, Elizabeth Heitman, Werner Kelber, Clyde Manschreck, Thomas Freeman, Warren Frisina, George Rupp (President of Rice University at the time), Don Benjamin and James Sellers. “Religious Studies Department, Rice University.” (1987) Rice University: https://hdl.handle.net/1911/76275.

Freeman, who died June 6, coached TSU’s award-winning debate team — which he also founded in 1949 — for 60 years before retiring in 2013. His reputation inspired Denzel Washington and the filmmakers behind “The Great Debaters,” which chronicled an important story in the history of black debate competitions, to visit TSU for pointers from one of the nation’s most prominent debate coaches.

Freeman taught religion courses at Rice from 1972 until 1994. He designed his own courses, which started out small but quickly grew in popularity. In a 2012 interview, Freeman laughed as he talked about becoming a lecturer at a university that was founded as a segregated institution and didn’t admit black students until 1965.

“(W)hen I walked across the campus, (William) Marsh (Rice) must have been turning over in his grave,” Freeman said. “He didn’t want a black student there, and here’s a black teacher. … Now it’s fortunate that succeeding generations saw the error in that kind of thinking, and went to the forefront so that blacks could attend.”

Freeman also noted that one of his TSU students, Robert Bell Jr., later became Rice’s first black administrator and its first full-time black faculty member. Freeman remained involved at Rice even after he stopped teaching in the 1990s. In 2016, he and his wife attended the 50th anniversary Celebration of Black Undergraduate Life at Rice.

Freeman was born June 27, 1919, in Richmond, Virginia. He earned his bachelor’s degree in English from Virginia Union University and a second bachelor’s degree in divinity from Andover Newton Seminary in Massachusetts. He received his doctorate in homiletics from the University of Chicago in 1948, but Freeman was already teaching and preaching by then.

The first class Freeman taught was in 1947: a religion course at Morehouse College in Atlanta, where one of his students was a young Martin Luther King Jr. In 1949, he joined the faculty at TSU, where his students included such up-and-coming political talents as Barbara Jordan and Mickey Leland. In 1972, he was recruited to teach at Rice.

In addition to teaching full time at TSU, part time at Rice and part time at Houston Community College, Freeman also preached on a weekly basis, serving as the pastor of Mt. Horem Baptist Church in the Fifth Ward for 69 years.

In 2009, the TSU Board of Regents named one of the university’s newest academic units after its longtime professor and coach: the Thomas F. Freeman Honors College. And in 2019, TSU celebrated Freeman’s 100th birthday with a brunch that supported his beloved debate team.

Freeman won countless awards throughout his career and was widely recognized as an educational, religious and community leader throughout the city. He is survived by his wife of 66 years, Clarice Estell, three children, several grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

Sahrana je u toku. Donations may be made in Freeman’s honor to the Dr. Thomas F. Freeman Memorial Fund, which will support and advance the TSU debate team.

Editor’s note: An earlier version of this article misidentified the first African American professor to teach classes at Rice. Kennard Reed Jr., who joined the faculty as a visiting professor of mathematics in 1965 and taught for one year, was the first.


Robert Thomas Freeman 1804 - 1882

Born 29/12/1804 christened at Upton St Leonards 20/4/1805.

Married Mary Ann WHITE Upton St Leonards 8/12/1825. Mary Ann was christened 5/3/1806 at Painswick - parents John and Mary. Her siblings were Richard (1797), William (1799), John (1800), Edwin (1802), Joseph (1804), Thomas (1807), Louisa (1812).

  • Isabella 1827 - ? Married David POWELL 26/12/1865
  • George Frederick Chr. 27/12/1829 - 1857 (See below)
  • Hester Elizabeth 1831 - ? Married William BARTLETT 20/2/1860, witnesses were siblings Henry, Harriett and Isabella.
    About 12 children.
    External link
  • Henry Francis Chr. 10/2/1833 - Q2 1869 Butcher and Innkeeper Married Jane MASON at Cheltenham in 1860 children William Henry 1861 and George 1862. 1861 census
  • William Thomas 1835 - 1852 Buried at Upton St.Leonards. Headstone
  • Harriett Therisa Chr. 17/7/1836 - 1912
    At the 1881 census She was Head School Mistress at Turkdean, Gloucestershire. At age 58, she married George ESHELBY, a schoolmaster, Q4 1894. 1901 census
    George died 5/11/1912 Harriett died just a month later: 12/12/1912. Probate on her estate of £417 15s. 8d. was granted to (brother) Richard Eleazer Freeman, Farmer.
  • Alfred Anthony Walter Chr. 13/5/1838 - Q3 1899
    Married Elizabeth PULLEN nee COOK 1870.
  • Frederick Francis Chr. 5/7/1840 - 18/5/1903. Married Anne NEWTON (1836-1881) at Ross, Herefordshire Q3 1879 no children.
    Married Elizabeth CARLESS (1837-1900) Q4 1884 no children.
    Died at Beach Farm, Upton St Leonards, rich and apparently childless.
    Buried at Upton St.Leonards. FuneralHeadstone
  • Edward Albert (later Albert Edward) Chr. 5/6/1842 - ?
    Schoolteacher
    Married Sarah TOVEY 1869 children:
    Willie Ludford 1870, Arthur Ernest Boden 1872, Clarance (Clarence?) Percival. 1874, Albert Archibald A. 1877, and Edith Annette 1883.
    Wife Sarah was born to Daniel and Mary at Newland, and christened 11/4/1841.
    Edward and Sarah were Teachers at the National School in Chipping Sodbury for many years. Daughter Edith was also an Assistant Teacher at the School. The family lived at Yate 1871, Chipping Sodbury in 1900, 1901, 1911.
    1911 census
  • Richard Eleazar 1845 - Slaughterman at Hucclecote 1871
    Married Sarah MOUNTFORD in Birmingham Q1 1890 no children.
    Wife Sarah was born in Birmingham Q2 1859.
    They lived in Birmingham, where Sarah died Q1 1912 aged 52, and Richard died Q3 1920 aged 75.
    1891 census
  • Emily Jane 1847 - 1865
  • Joseph Oziah 1850 - ? Married Ann DIGGLES Q4 1870 in Yorkshire one child: Thomas R. (later Robert Thomas) 1872-1924
    Worked as a Railway Porter at Normanton, Yorkshire.
    1871 census

At the 1851 census the household also included Thomas WHITE aged 44 "Late Sgt in Rural Police Painswick" (presume wife Mary Ann's (twin) brother) together with Elizabeth 35, John 7, and Alfred 6 (presume to be Thomas' wife and children..

See: 1861 census where they were living at Cross House at the junction of Portway Road and Valley Lane in Upton St Leonards.

  • Henry IRELAND and Mary Ann PERRY 6/4/1863
  • Charles BEARD and Mary Ann CLAYFIELD 2/8/1863
  • George RANDALL and Emily HARRIS 18/12/1865
  • Daniel SHELL and Rose Hannah NASH 10/6/1866
  • George POOLE and Roseena KNIGHT 30/12/1866
  • William GAGE and Maria HAYES 12/12/1868
  • Joseph TURNER and Sarah TURNER 2/5/1869
  • James DAY and Margaret BARNS 22/6/1869
  • Francis GOSLING and Eliza WIGGALL 22/7/1869

Mary Ann died Q1 1868 aged 61.

Robert Thomas subsequently married Jane Susannah HAIL (born 1832/3 at St Stephens parish London) at Bristol Q4 1869.

  • Arthur Charles born Upton St.Leonards Q3 1870 -
  • Florence Emiline born Gloucester Q2 1871 -
  • Jane FREEMAN, 35, daughter-in-law, Dressmaker (Widow of Henry Francis)
  • Jane DIXON, 20, visitor
  • Martha HIGGS, 14 domestic servant

Robert died 22/12/1882 at Upton St.Leonards, leaving his fortune to his widow..


Thomas Freeman - History

Talmadge Freeman was the son of David Franklin Freeman and Sarah Caroline Teague Freeman.

David Franklin Freeman
Born: Sept. 21, 1874
Died: May 15, 1939
Buried: Freeman Cemetery in Hartford, Tn
Married: Sarah Caroline Teague June 26, 1904
Parents: Benjamin G. Freeman and Harriet Jane Lunsford Freeman

Sarah Caroline Teague
Born: May 1, 1870/1871
Died: May 18, 1957
Buried: Freeman Cemetery in Hartford, Tn
Parents: Edward Teague and Betheny Potter Teague

Children of David and Sarah Freeman

1. Talmadge E. Freeman
Born: May 15, 1905
Died: July 7, 1955
Married: Rebecca Hall on May 25,1925
Children: Warren, Paul, Roger, Rolan and Dan

2. Bern Freeman
Born: 1906
Died: 1975
Married: Flora McGaha in 1929
Children: John Reuben, Pauline married Don Leatherwood

3. Dewey Freeman
Born: 1908
Died: ?
Married: Mary McNabb in ca. 1929
Children: Don, John, Edward and David

4. Homer Freeman
Born: April, 1910
Died: August 24, 1978
Married: Allen Rathbone
Child: Michael

5. Ernest Freeman
Born: Dec. 10, 1912
Died: Nov. 11, 1963
Married: Ruth McGaha in 1963
Children: Imogene, Alma and Anna Marie

6. Ernel Freeman
Born: Dec. 10, 1912
Died: June 1, 1958
Married: Charles Arrowood
Children: Ernel Kidwell, Gail, Dale Rooney and others ?

David Franklin Freeman was the son of Benjamin Freeman and Harriet Lunsford Freeman

Benjamin Freeman, son of John B. Freeman,
Born: March 1848 in Madison Co., N.C.
Died: Aug. 2, 1923 in Newport, Tn
Parents: John B. Freeman and Frances Roberts Freeman
Married: Harriet Lunsford

Harriet Lunsford
Born: Nov. 1860 in Madison Co., N.C.
Died: Nov. 5, 1941 in Newport, Tn
Parents: John and Jane Lunsford

Children of Benjamin and Harriet Freeman

1. David Franklin Freeman
Born: Sept. 21, 1874 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: May 15, 1939
Married: Sarah Teague on June 26,1904

2. Jackson Stokely Freeman
Born: Jan. 11, 1876 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: Sept. 23, 1917
Married: Jessie Sexton on Mar. 8, 1903
Children: Clayton, Hazel, Pearl and Theodore

3. George Washington Freeman
Born: Aug. 6 1877 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: Nov. 7, 1969
Married: Lula Duckett on Jan. 7, 1906
Child: Lee married Anna Williams

4. James Benjamin Freeman
Born: Nov. 1879 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: July 19 1961
Married: Alice Simmon on Dec. 31 1904
Children: Wilbur and Matha

5. Charles Freeman
Born: Feb. 1881 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: May 24, 1956
Married: Jennie Duckett on Apr. 5, 1906
Children: None

6. Mazilda Freeman
Born: July 1884 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: Feb. 18, 1958
Married: 1. Thomas Bell 2. Davis
Child: Cleo

7. Henry Alvin Freeman
Born: Aug. 10, 1886 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: Aug. 15, 1962
Married: Matoka Brown on Nov. 5, 1911
Children: Boyd and Darnell

8. Bailey Freeman
Born: Nov. 1887 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: May 11, 1962
Married: Sallie Duckett on Mar. 7, 1915
Children: Carl, Mattie and others ?

9. Chanley Freeman
Born: Sept. 1889 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: Sept. 7, 1971
Married: Leah Rathbone on Apr. 4, 1914
Children: None

10. Althea Freeman
Born: May, 1891 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: Apr. 17, 1955
Married: Abraham Metcalf
Children: ?

11. Harriet Addie Freeman
Born: May 3, 1894 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: May 20, 1920
Married: John Riley Mooneyham
on Dec. 24, 1908
Children: ?

12. Rachel Freeman
Born: Dec. 18, 1896 in Marshall, N.C.
Died: ?
Married: 1. William L. Green on Feb. 6, 1916
2. Bill Stange
Children: ?

*******For extended family of Benjamin and Harriet Freeman Click Here **********

JOHN B. Freeman, son of Thomas Freeman, was born 1820 in Buncombe County, NC. He married FRANCES 'FRANKEY' ROBERTS 1842 in Buncombe County, NC. Children of JOHN FREEMAN and FRANCES ROBERTS are:

i. JAMES MONTAVILLE FREEMAN, b. 1843 d. July 06, 1863.

ii. SUSAN A. VIOLET FREEMAN, b. 1844

iii. CAROLINE FREEMAN, b. 1847 d. December 11, 1926 m. EDWARD TEAGUE, February 22, 1890.

iv. BENJAMIN G. FREEMAN, b. 1849 m. HARRIET LUNSFORD, October 06, 1873.

v. MARY JANE FREEMAN, b. 1853 m. WILLIAM WARDLEY, November 05, 1887.

vi. JOSEPH FREEMAN, b. 1854 m. E. REEMS, November 23, 1887.

vii. GEORGE W. FREEMAN, b. 1858 m. VIOLET L. LEDFORD, January 21, 1876.

viii. HARRIET E. FREEMAN, b. 1861.

ix. RACHAEL E. FREEMAN, b. 1864. THOMAS FREEMAN, son of Aaron Freeman, was born Abt. 1777 in Rowan Co, . NC, and died Bet. 1864 - 1865 in Madison County, NC. He married Mary Ball abt. 1800 in Madison County, NC.

Children of THOMAS and Mary Ball FREEMAN

ii. DANIEL ELIHUE FREEMAN, b. 1803, Buncombe County, NC d. September 1873, Madison County, NC.

iii. ANDERSON FREEMAN, b. 1806, Buncombe County, NC.

iv. SETH FREEMAN, b. 1809, Buncombe County, NC.

v. BENJAMIN FREEMAN, b. 1811, Buncombe County, NC d. 1870.

vi. AARON PINKNEY FREEMAN, b. March 1812, Buncombe County, NC d. July 1894, Madison Co., NC.

vii. HIRAM JEFFERSON FREEMAN, b. 1815, Buncombe County, NC d. January 30, 1893, Cumberland Falls, McCreary, Kentucky.

viii. JOHN B. FREEMAN, b. 1820, Buncombe County, NC.

ix. TEMPERANCE FREEMAN, b. 1823, Buncombe County, NC112 d. 1835, Buncombe County, NC112.

x. ANDREW JACKSON FREEMAN, b. 1829, Buncombe County, NC m. NANCY BALL, April 06, 1851, Madison County, NC.

xi. ALSEY BETH FREEMAN, b. 1830, Buncombe County, NC.

xii. HOSEA H. L. FREEMAN, b. 1833, Buncombe County, NC m. MYNERVY FORTNER, July 17, 1859.

xiii. FRANCIS KIRBY FREEMAN, b. 1841, Buncombe County, NC.

Aaron Freeman
Birth 1745, Chowan Co., NC
Death 1825, Buncombe County, NC
Parents: John Freeman Jr. and Elizabeth ?

Married: Mary Bentley
Birth 1748, Rowan County, NC
Death 1830/1833, Buncombe County, NC
Father Thomas Bentley Sr.
Mother Hannah
Marriage 17 Dec 1769, Rowan County, NC

1772-1845)
Moses (1774-1859)
Isaac (

1780-)
UNNAMED (1781-)
Aaron "Posey" (ca1782-1861)
UNNAMED (1784-)
James (

1785-)
John (1793-1870)
UNNAMED (1795-)

John Freeman Jr.
Birth 1718/1720, Chowan Precinct, Albemarle, NC
Death 19 Feb 1785, Bertie Co., NC
Parents: John Freeman Sr. and Tabitha ?
Spouses
1. Sarah
2. Elizabeth
Marriage abt 1737
Children Aaron (1745-1825)
John Freeman Sr.
Birth 1695, Norfolk County,
Death 30 Apr 1776, Chowan Co., NC
Parents: William Freeman Sr. and Mary Outlaw
Oženjen
Tabitha
Children John (1718-1785)

William Freeman Sr.
Birth 1673, Mass. Bay Colony
Death 7 Jul 1737, Albemarle Co., NC
Parents: John Freeman and Sarah Merrick
Spouse
Mary Outlaw
Children John (1695-1776)

John FREEMAN
b. Dec 1651, Eastham, Barnstable, MA
d. 27 Jul 1721, Harwich (now Brewster), Barnstable, MA, Age: 69
Parents: Major John FREEMAN and Mercy Prince
Married: Sarah "Mercy" MERRICK
b. 1 Aug 1654, Eastham, Barnstable, MA
d. 21 Apr 1696, Harwich (Brewster), Barnstable, MA, Age: 41
Djeca:
William FREEMAN
John FREEMAN
Sarah FREEMAN
Mary FREEMAN
Patience FREEMAN
Mercy FREEMAN
Nathaniel FREEMAN
Susanna FREEMAN
Benjamin FREEMAN
Major John FREEMAN
b. 28 Jan 1625/1626, , Devon, England d. 9 Oct 1719, Eastham, Barnstable, MA, Age: 94
Parents: Asst. Governor Edmund FREEMAN Sr. and Bennet Hodsell
Married: Mercy PRENCE
b. ca 1631, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
d. 28 Sep 1711, Eastham, Barnstable, MA, Age: 80
Children
John FREEMAN
John FREEMAN
Deacon Thomas FREEMAN
Patience FREEMAN
Hannah FREEMAN
Lieut. Edmund FREEMAN
Mercy FREEMAN
Prence FREEMAN
Nathaniel FREEMAN
William FREEMAN
Bennett "Benay" FREEMAN
Doc. Governor Edmund FREEMAN Sr.
b. bef 25 Jul 1596, Pulborough, Sussex, England
d. 21 Jun 1682, Sandwich, Barnstable, MA, Age: 85
br. Nov 1682, Sandwich, Barnstable, MA
Parents: Edmund FREEMAN and Alice Cole Married: Bennet HODSOLL
b. abt 1598, Pulborough, Sussex, England
d. bef 12 Apr 1630, Pulborough, Sussex, England, Age: 32
spouses: 1, 2, 3, 4
Children
Edmond FREEMAN
Bennett FREEMAN
Nathaniel FREEMAN
Elizabeth FREEMAN
Major John FREEMAN
Alice FREEMAN
Mary FREEMAN
Edmund FREEMAN b. abt 1572, Pulborough, Sussex, England
d. 6 Jun 1623, Pulborough, Sussex, England, Age: 51
Parents: John Freeman and ?
Married: Alice Cole
b. abt 1576, Pulborough, Sussex, England d. 14 Feb 1651, Relgate, Sussex, England, Age: 75
Djeca:
Doc. Governor Edmund FREEMAN , Sr.
William FREEMAN
John FREEMAN
Alice FREEMAN
Eleanor FREEMAN
Elizabeth FREEMAN
John FREEMAN
b. abt 1540, Pulborough, Sussex, England d. 1627-1628, Pulborough, Sussex, England, Age: 87
Children
Edmund FREEMAN
The Surname Freeman
Free is the term used to identify a man that was free-born, as opposed to those born as serfs during the feudal system of the middle ages. It is derived from Old English freo = free. Freeman, Freebody are variations. Cognate forms include Frei, Freier, Freyer, Frey, Freimann, Freymann (German) Frig, Frigge, Frige, Frie, Friehe, Freye, Friemann (Low German) Frey, Frei, Freyman, Freiman (Swedish)

Freeman in gaelic is MacAnSaior?

The Freeman Family of Oxfordshire, from whom the Freeman's of Virginia descended, were evidently close kin of the Freeman's of Essex and Northampton Counties in England. Indeed the arms of the Freeman's of London, Wiltshire, Herefordshire, and Yorkshire, as well, indicate a relationship to exist among all these Freeman's.


Thomas Freeman - History

Colonel Thomas Roe Freeman raised a mounted regiment for the Confederate cause in the south-central area of Missouri early in the war. He calculated that he could do the most damage to the northerners by striking at their tenuous road connection between their big base at Rolla, Phelps County, MO (and also a terminus then of a railroad from St. Louis) and their exposed base miles to the southwest at Springfield. Therefore, for most of the war Colonel Freeman and Colonel William O. Coleman (who commanded another regiment from this same area) conducted a guerrilla war against the Union troops and northern sympathizers along that stretch of road in west Phelps County and in Pulaski County, MO and the land south to the Arkansas border. The Union authorities were forced to keep at least a regiment of their own calvary in this area for most of the war for that reason, and there were many skirmishes in this hilly, wooded countyside.

A lady named Jean Tobey, a descendant of Freeman's, was kind enough to allow me to place a head and shoulders photograph of Thomas Freeman in my 1863 book on page 148. I mention Colonel Freeman and his men a great deal in that book (at least ten times according to the index entry for him), which in itself is sort of a war record. I am working on the final volume of the series about 1864 and 1865, which also will mention Freeman in several places.

Ray Bradbury, Jr. of Rolla wrote in his "Civil War in Phelps County" on page 14 that Freeman was an associate judge of the Phelps County Court before the war, and an 1863 tax list of Phelps County shows that Freeman had 240 acres at the southeast corner of Phelps County near the intersection of Crawford, Phelps, and Dent Counties. Bradbury also wrote that after the war Thomas Freeman returned to Phelps County, but later moved to Neosho, Newton County, in the southwest corner of Missouri. Neosho was a strong southern community during the war, and I suppose the colonel felt safer there. In fact, Thomas Freeman's memoirs are kept at Neosho, I suppose in some historical society there. Freeman served as a commander for the southern cause from 1861 through 1865.


Freemantown Research Guide

Thomas Freeman and Henrietta Freeman, who were not related, were married in August 1846 or 1847 by Jacob Freeman "a colored minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church at 12 miles west of Milledgeville in Jones County State of Georgia." Both were enslaved by John F. Freeman and lived on his plantation. John R. Freeman stated that &ldquohe was raised with Thos Freeman and got him from [his] uncle.&rdquo[1] At the time of the marriage, Thomas was approximately 23 years old and Henrietta about 15.

John R. Freeman and his wife Mary Hamilton Freeman arrived in Floyd County in the early 1850s, apparently bringing Thomas, Henrietta, and other enslaved people with them. John and Mary Freeman were fairly prosperous farmers, who by 1860 owned over 160 acres of farmable land, at least 450 acres of wooded territory, and 50 slaves, including Thomas, Henrietta, and their six oldest children.

In 1864, General William Tecumseh Sherman&rsquos army was advancing into northwestern Georgia. John R. Freeman moved south before the occupation, leaving Thomas Freeman near Rome, in Floyd County, Georgia, where John R. Freeman operated ferries.[2]

In 1862 the Union had begun to enlist Black men in military service. After the 1 Jan 1863 Emancipation Proclamation freed all those enslaved in Confederate territory, recruitment was extended. During the Atlanta campaign of May-September 1864, the enrollment of Black soldiers began in occupied areas of northwestern Georgia under authority granted to Colonel Ruben D. Mussey, the Nashville, Tennessee-based commissioner for the Organization of U.S. Colored Troops in the Department of the Cumberland. From July to September 1864, the 44th U.S. Colored Infantry was stationed in Rome, for recruiting purposes. By late summer the 44th USCI contained some 800 Black enlisted men[3], including Thomas Freeman, who enlisted in Company I on 30 June 1864. The unit was commanded by Colonel Lewis Johnson, who was white.

By order of Gen. Vandever, Thomas Freeman remained on duty as a blacksmith in Rome during July and August 1864, then joined his company. On the morning of October 13, most of the 44th were doing garrison duty in Dalton, Georgia, when advance units of the Army of Tennessee, commanded by Confederate General John Bell Hood, unexpectedly converged on the town. Hood vowed to take no prisoners. Although Col. Johnson claimed that his Black troops displayed the "greatest anxiety to fight," he surrendered to Hood and quickly secured paroles for himself and the 150 or so other white troops attached to the garrison. The regiment's 600 African American enlisted men suffered a harsher fate. Some were re-enslaved, while others were sent to work on fortification projects in Alabama and Mississippi. Many ended the war as prisoners in Columbus and Griffin, Georgia, where they were released during May 1865 in what one of them described as a "sick, broken down, naked, and starved" condition.[4]

Thomas Freeman was among those taken prisoner. John R. Freeman, then living in southwest Georgia, &ldquoin some way found out Thomas Freeman had been a prisoner of war and had been left very sick near Griffin Ga.&rdquo[5] John R. Freeman arranged to have Thomas Freeman transported to his own home in Meriwether County, and arranged for medical care for &ldquomany months.&rdquo Thomas Freeman, who had been &ldquoa very stout able bodied slave&rdquo before imprisonment was now &ldquoa perfect physical reck.&rdquo[6] In late 1865 John R. Freeman and Thomas Freeman returned to Floyd County, where both of them lived out their lives.[7] In April 1866 Thomas Freeman received $101.20 back pay from his military service.

After the war Thomas Freeman continued to work as a blacksmith and farmed. Census records and documents related to the settlement of his estate indicate that he and Henrietta reared at least 12 children born between about 1859 and 1874. In 1870 the family lived in the racially mixed Texas Valley area, district 1120, near Mead and Elizabeth Freeman and their family. Other Black families in the area include Albert and Adaline Horn, Squire and Cylla Smith, and Frank and Martha Benton.[8]

On 9 October 1871, Thomas and Mead Freeman, who is believed to be Thomas&rsquos father[9], purchased one half of lot no. 4 (80 acres in Floyd County&rsquos district 15, section 4) from G.B. Gentry for $130. The 1880 Census shows Thomas and Henrietta Freeman still in District 1120, then called Flatwoods, with three sons (Mingo, Lindsey, and Thomas) and two daughters (Louisa and Fredonia). Thomas, 54, is a blacksmith Henrietta, 48, keeps house. Living nearby are Mead and Elizabeth (Lizzie) Freeman, with their grandchildren Angeline, Hillyer, and Lydia, and nieces Jessie, Lila, and Hattie. Thomas&rsquo and Henrietta&rsquos daughter Josephine, now married, lives close by with her husband Charles Rodgers and their young children. The area is still racially mixed, with as many white families as Black living nearby. Black families include Tom and Leah Selman, and Cato and Mary Clemmons.[10]

The Dependent and Disability Pension Act, which provided pensions for Union Army veterans who had served at least 90 days and who were unable to perform manual labor, whether or not the cause of their disability was related to their service in the Civil War, was passed by the United States Congress in 1890. Soon after, Thomas Freeman began the process of applying for a pension. He was required to travel to Dalton, where he was examined on 14 May 1890. He stated that &ldquowhile in U.S. service [he] was taken sick with measles & was sick seven or eight months &hellip I am still disabled &hellip from doing manual labor&rdquo. Examiners found that at the age of 67 he was 6&rsquo1&rdquo, weighed 158 pounds, and had a normal temperature. Their description of his ailments, including rheumatism, lung and kidney disease, and vision disorders from the bout with measles, is graphic, with the summary &ldquoThere is considerable emaciation and debility.&rdquo They rated his disability at 12/18ths, entitling him to a pension of $12 per month, beginning around March 1892.[11]

Thomas Freeman died on 18 April 1893. His family physician, Dr. Archie J. Higginbotham, lived about six miles from the Freeman residence and had visited Thomas Freeman &ldquoalmost daily&rdquo during the year before his death. John R. Freeman &ldquoattended the funeral of the said Thomas Freeman and saw him buried,&rdquo[12] presumably in the Freemantown Cemetery, where his Federal headstone is placed.

When Thomas Freeman died, he owned 380 acres of land in Floyd County, appraised at a value of $1,000. His estate also included livestock (2 mules, 3 cows, 1 ox, 3 yearlings, and 14 hogs) farrier, blacksmith, and carpenter tools a wagon, buggy, and various household furnishings. He left no will, and the land was divided by lot among his widow, his children (including the heirs of a daughter and son who had predeceased him), and, at the request of the heirs, Thomas&rsquos brother, Sanford Freeman. The widow&rsquos lot was valued at $175 the others at $75. Henrietta Freeman was also granted money and property necessary for 12 months support by the Floyd County Court of Ordinary in its 1893 August Term.

In May 1893 Henrietta Freeman applied for a Federal Widow&rsquos Pension. Over the next six years Sanford Freeman, Frank Bentin, John R. Freeman, and Mary Freeman [after John R. Freeman's death in 1896] supported her petitions, confirming her identity, the facts of her marriage to Thomas Freeman, and that she had not remarried since Thomas Freeman&rsquos death. Henrietta was granted a pension of $24 per quarter, but later petitions for greater sums were denied. These petitions provide some detail about Henrietta Freeman&rsquos lifestyle.

In 1894 her affidavit states that &ldquoshe owns twenty five acres of land in Floyd County Georgia &hellip That said land is worth not exceeding five dollars per acre as lands are now selling in the neighborhood. That she also owns one horse about fifteen years old worth twenty five dollars. That she also owns three cows worth ten dollars each. That she owns two beds and covering, one table, four chairs and cooking utensils all worth twenty dollars. That she also owns one hog, ten hens, one plow and a small lot of farming tools all of the value of ten dollars and that further than as above set forth she owns no property, real, personal or mixed. That she has no one upon whom she can legally call for support and no one is bound for her support. That she is dependent upon her labor for her support. That she has planted upon her said land three acres in cotton, two acres in corn, one half acre in potatoes and about one fourth of an acre in garden produce. That the produce from the lands planted as herein set forth are her only sources of income and that said produce when marketed will not exceed fifty dollars annually.&rdquo She is also said to have three or four grandchildren to take care of.[13]

The next year, in 1895, she repeats that she &ldquohas no means of income other than her labor, that she has cultivated about five acres of land. The income from this and her gardening and her milch cow is her means of support, and is her only income from all sources.&rdquo The 1895 tax on her land and personal property was $217.[14]

By 1899 she reports that her income is &ldquonot over fifteen dollars per year from all the property now presented by her that [she] &hellip is without other means of support than her own labor, except the pension of $24 per quarter which she is drawing from the United States Government&rdquo. In 1900 she petitions that she has no income whatever aside from her pension of $24 per quarter.[15]

The U.S. Census picks up the story, although in less detail. In 1900 Henrietta is 72 years old unmarried daughter Fredonia and son Lindsey share the home, as do grandchildren Carlton Wily and Mary Price.[16] Sons Tom Freeman and his wife Ida, Mingo and wife Frances, Nick, and daughter Henrietta and her husband Sie Montgomery all live nearby on land inherited from their father. Two children are known to have died before Thomas in 1893. Four others &ndash Essex, Josephine, Fanny, and Louisa &ndash have not been located in the 1900 census.

By 1910 more of the Freeman children have scattered or died. Henrietta is still living on her land, with granddaughter Beatrice Freeman (daughter of Thomas and Ida Montgomery Freeman).[17] Only Josephine Rogers, Mingo and Frances Freeman, Essex Freeman&rsquos widow Hannah, and Henrietta and Gib Montgomery are nearby. Thomas and Ida Freeman are a little farther away, perhaps not on the family land, but still in the district. Sanford Freeman&rsquos widow Susan is nearby, as well. But Fredonia has married Oliver Perry and moved to Tennessee Essex has died and Nick will pass away in July and the whereabouts of the other three children, Lindsey, Fanny, and Louisa, is unknown. White families such as Mart and Sallie Duke and Henry and Mary Redmond still live nearby, as do related Black families, including Cicero and Dora Sanford and Pleas and Bertha Jones.

Several sources, however, make it clear that by this time the name Freemantown is well established. In November 1910 Henrietta Freeman and her children Mingo Freeman, Josephine Rodgers, Henrietta Montgomery, and Fredonia Perry confirm a lost deed from Thomas Freeman to the Trustees of Freemans Chapel Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States of America. In a 1949 document describing his 1909 marriage to Luna Presley, Henry Grady Terrell recollects &ldquoDriving to Mountain Springs Methodist Church at the foot of Lavender Mountain and just off old Bryant Gap Road &hellip At the home of George Rolland and Sally Vaughn Presley. From there took Luna Presley &hellip And at midafternoon we drove to Freeman Town, then to Redmond Gap Road and drove along the fence toward Rome. To the Rev. William Cooper's home which was about one mile west of Berry Schools an[d] about one half of a mile north of the present Battey State Hospital, and united in Holy matrimony.&rdquo[18] In the 1910 census, Luna's father Roland Presley and his second wife Ella, who are white, are enumerated on the same page as Henrietta Freeman&rsquos daughter Josephine Rodgers and her sister-in-law Susan Freeman.

The first sale of Freeman land to the Berry Schools occurred in 1916, when Essex Freeman&rsquos widow, Hannah Montgomery Freeman, sold her portion of Lot 20 for $1,450.[19] By 1920 the impact of the school is becoming significant. School Superintendent Henry Grady Hamrick, his wife Ethel, son, and three Berry students are practically next door to Henrietta Freeman and her granddaughter Beatrice Freeman.[20] Of the children, only Mingo and Francis Freeman are close. Henrietta and Gib Montgomery are in an adjacent district and Hannah Freeman lives in Rome. Fredonia Perry still lives in Tennessee and Henrietta and Gib Montgomery have moved to Michigan. Burials in the Freeman Chapel cemetery will continue for a few years[21], but the end of Freemantown is near.

On 21 March 1923, five months before her death, Henrietta Freeman sold the 25 acres she inherited from Thomas Freeman to the Berry Schools for $800 . Fredonia Perry sold the same year. The other children and the heirs of those who had died would hold on to their land for a few more years, finally selling the last of the land in 1926. The places of residence of the sellers include Rome, Georgia Arlington, Tennessee Detroit and Seattle.

Henrietta Freeman died on 17 August 1923, of heart disease, at the age of 95. Her son Mingo Freeman gave information for her death certificate, including the names of her parents, William and Dista Freeman. She was buried at Freemantown Cemetery, on 19 August 1923.[22]


Pogledajte video: Daniel Thomas Freeman - The Devil Would Steal Your Joy music video (Decembar 2021).